Inequality

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Binelli, Chiara. 2015. “Wage Inequality and Informality: Evidence from Mexico” Forthcoming IZA Journal of Labor & Development

Abstract: While several studies have documented the expansion of the informal sector and its detrimental impact on development, few have noted that informality and wage inequality tend to move together. Using Mexico as a case study, I show that between 1987 and 2002 wage inequality within informal workers accounted for over sixty per cent of total wage inequality, and that the Mexican financial crisis of the mid-1990s increased the share of informal workers and via this wage inequality. The results provide supportive evidence that in Mexico higher wage dispersion is one of the channels through which informality negatively affects development.

Binelli, Chiara and Matthew Loveless. 2015. “The Urban-Rural Divide: Perceptions of Income and Social Inequality in Central and Eastern Europe”. Forthcoming Economics of Transition

Abstract: A vast literature has related perceptions of income inequality to individuals’ income: the higher the level of income, the less inequality is perceived. Here, examining the perceptions of income and social inequality, we argue that rural or urban residence affects both inequality perceptions and the impact of income on these perceptions. We test the theory using survey data from 12 Central and Eastern European countries and we find that income negatively affects inequality perceptions but only in urban areas. These findings confirm the importance of accounting for urbanity to understand what drives inequality perceptions.

Binelli, Chiara, Matthew Loveless, and Stephen Whitefield. 2015. “What is Social Inequality and Why Does it Matter? Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe”. World Development, Vol. 70, pp.239-248.

Abstract: As distinct from income or wealth inequality, ‘social inequality’ is currently poorly understood and, at best, unevenly measured. We conceptualize social inequality as the relative position of individuals along a number of dimensions that measure achieved outcomes and, innovatively, expectations about future outcomes. Using data from 12 Central and Eastern European countries, we find that cross-national patterns of social inequality differ significantly from patterns derived from income inequality measures. Moreover, our measure of social inequality is much better correlated than income inequality with other country differences such as higher levels of economic performance and human development, and stronger political institutions.

Book Chapters

Whitefield, Stephen, Matthew Loveless and Chiara Binelli. 2011. “Social Inequality: its character, how it is perceived, and the implications of its perceptions for social and political stability”, in I.I. Eliseeva et  al eds., Social Inequality in the Post-socialist Countries of Central and Eastern Europe: A Sociological Analysis, Nestor Historia: Moscow, pp. 15-32.

Attanasio, Orazio and Chiara Binelli. 2003. “Redistribution Policy: Theoretical Motivation and Empirical Evidence”, in Poverty, Inequality and Growth, Proceedings of the AfD/EUDN Conference 2003, Agence Française de Développement, Paris, France.

Other Publications

Binelli, Chiara and Matthew Loveless. 2013. “Looking at Inequality”, Economic Review, Volume 30, Number 4, April.

Access to downloadable publications: ResearchGate